The recent article, “Tech Leaps, Job Losses and Rising Inequality” on the New York Times by Eduardo Porter talks about how growing technology is contributing to widening of income inequality in the U.S. As implementing cheaper technologies to industries, low skilled workers are replaced by these new machines. The article points out how certain medical conditions are tried to be diagnosed by technology. One example given is how researchers at Microsoft Research are developing a system that can predict with accuracy a probability of a pregnant woman’s suffering postpartum depression by looking at her tweets on Twitter. Science has made almost impossible things possible in the last century. If technology gets developed at the same rate as it has been for last decades, we could see today’s impossible ideas to come in our hands.
So, if technology is going to grow as it has been and if new technologies are going to replace workers whose job can be done by the new machines, what human beings are left to do?
The answer is simply that those jobs which are hard for robots to perform will be the jobs that humans will be competing for. The main function of these jobs include interpersonal communication, in which today’s technology hasn’t been developed to the extent to compete with humans. The jobs that require this characteristics include teachers and professors, variety of advising jobs, and motivational speakers! Because, as of today, the technology hasn’t reached to the point where we can substitute another human with a machine to communicate our feelings. Even though we are experiencing growth of online schools and free Massive Online Open Courses (MOOC) offered by such as edX, Coursera and Khan Academy, human to human communication which these online education technologies lack is why teachers and professors will not have to worry about their jobs as for now. Even though we can get same amount and quality of education by taking online classes or MOOC, these courses can’t offer a type of relationship we can have with our professors in college. Professors not only teach the content of the course, but they motivate students to achieve more (Remember, most of us are going to make at least $2 million in our life time according to Professor Kimball). In other words, robots haven’t been programmed to motivate us emotionally.
Another reason that demand for academic jobs will be greater in the future is that as technology replaces jobs that require low skills or skills that can be programmed in a machine, people will be looking for to get skills that machines cannot possess. Most of these skills require higher education as how advising job requires to deep knowledge about the topic from the adviser. Therefore, demand for higher education will surge in the awakening of greater technology. Presumably so, then teachers and professors will be demanded in higher numbers.
Academic job will be demanded in greater number in the future because of its inherent function of interpersonal communication and demand for higher education.